The State has had a long history of taxonomical surveys and ecological research, the available information on its biodiversity is rather scattered. Hence the following databases on biodiversity were developed by ENVIS Centre of the Department of
Environment in collaboration with various research organisations.
1) Algal Diversity
4) Bryophyte Diversity
5) Pteridophyte Diversity
6) Floral Diversity
7) Medicinal Plants of Tamil Nadu
8) Faunal Diversity
Database on Algal diversity was prepared by Dr.
M.Baluswami, Madras Christian College, Chennai. He has reported that a total number of 668 taxa of freshwater and 128 taxa of Marine alga species in Tamil Nadu..........
Database on Fungal diversity was prepared by Dr. Natarajan, University of Madras, Chennai, a total number of 1077 fungal species from 370 genera were
recorded in Tamil Nadu.........
database was prepared by Dr.
G.N.Hariharan, M.S.Swaminathan Research
Foundation, Chennai. In India, around 2000 -
2200 species are known to occur and in Tamil
Nadu a total of 555 lichen species have been
BRYO FLORA DATABASE
Database on Bryo Flora of Tamil Nadu was prepared by
Dr. Dulip Daniels, Scott Christian College, Nagercoil. He has identified around 121 species of liverworts and 682 species of mosses in the Western Ghats of Tamil Nadu............
Dr. V.S.Manickam has observed in this
work that the terrestrial species
constitutes more than 46 percent (90
species), while lithophytes constitute 19
percent (67 species) in Tamil Nadu.
Dr. D. Narasimhan, Madras Christian College, Chennai recorded 5239 of flowering plants in Tamil Nadu...........
PLANTS OF TAMIL NADU DATABASE
database on medicinal Plants of Tamil
Nadu was prepared by
It has been reported that a total of 840
species of medicinal plants are found in
Dr. K. Venkataraman, Zoological Survey of India, Chennai has published about 595 species of freshwater fauna, 2247 species of marine fauna and 1898 species of terrestrial faunal species available in Tamil Nadu.